Women of the west,

the heart of our story

Mujeres del Poniente, the heart of our history is a collective effort that aims to vindicate the role of women in the historical processes of our country, our City and our Mayor's Office, as well as ppromote the knowledge and contribution of women in all areas of recent history, highlight the contribution of western women in the social, cultural and even architectural fields.

In our daily lives, being a woman represents the effort to maintain and multiply the care and protection of the family, which implies the execution of a series of activities and functions in various public and private spheres, being included in dynamics that constantly nullify the person himself and naturalize the disadvantages derived from his condition of woman-mother-daughter-wife.

Seeking better living conditions for their offspring, allowed the active incorporation of women in local economic processes, in community development and in the physical construction of streets and walkways. The Women of the West contributed to the formation of their colonies, they became politically involved to guarantee rights and basic services, they educated and formed from the most significant spaces: churches, schools, streets.

The story has been written and told from a male perspective that focuses on issues important to men, which is why it has denied or made women invisible and their contributions to change processes, because in coming and going they are they have given the time and the opportunity to think differently, to question the reality of a dissimilar and violent environment.

The formal means to tell and promote history have forgotten the determining role played by women, however, the construction of the history of Mexico City has been built by women who, in the field of daily life, they have sown the seeds of change, transformation and development. The design and construction of the neighborhoods and neighborhoods of the west, as we know them today, would not have been possible without the work of women who participated fully in all the objective and subjective construction processes of our Mayor's Office.

We want to materialize the perspective of Women in these murals, remember the life and death of characters who over time have sought to balance inequalities by facing very complex realities

We begin this series with the mural "Leona Vicario" that is in front of the Mayor's Office within the framework of International Women's Day 2020 in the designated "Year of Leona VicarMeritorious Mother of the Nation"

The Women of Santa Fe

Chapultepec Project / Historians of Santa Fe / Santa Fe Community / Mayor of Álvaro Obregón

The history and memory of Santa Fe has been told over many years and centuries from characters and male voices, we have Vasco de Quiroga, who was a judge of the Second Hearing and founder of the Pueblo Hospital of Santa Fe de México; the hermit Gregorio López who lived in the forest and died in Santa Fe; Father Francisco Loza, his biographer. Identity practices in the 20th century also refer in particular to the work of powder dealers, workers at the National Powder Factory. On this occasion, the Mayor's Office Álvaro Obregón wishes to recognize the women who have built and sustained the daily life of Santa Fe, a tribute that seeks to investigate women associated with spaces and deploying social practices in the field of education, religious life and community work.

work process

Through three sessions with women and men from Santa Fe, it was possible to reach agreements on recognition criteria and which female characters could be portrayed in a mural. It was defined that it would be considered the activity of women of the 20th century who have developed an important work in Santa Fe and who with it marked many subsequent generations. His work radiated in time and in the territory of the people. Many of the women named had an outstanding performance as teachers at the Vasco de Quiroga primary school, however, their activity not only affected the field of training, but also structured and supported the social-domestic and public life of their community. .

Proposed women:

  1. Trinidad Nava from Téllez Girón. Teacher at the Vasco de Quiroga primary school (1945-1965). She was distinguished by her great culture and motivation to learn about the history of Santa Fe. Concerned about the comprehensive training of girls, she taught classes in crafts (sewing, weaving, embroidery) and artistic creations at her home, located in the same town of Santa Faith.
  2. Trinidad Ledesma Cordero. Professor at the Vasco de Quiroga school (1945-1965). She dedicated her life to teaching and was the director of the same school. From his home, in the town of Santa Fe, he promoted culture through literary gatherings and theatrical performances among the inhabitants.
  3. Bertha Angeles. Professor at the Vasco de Quiroga school (1948-1955). A woman of distinguished presence, her classes stood out for instilling the rules of civility and good manners. Also, teach the history of General Felipe Ángeles, who was his uncle.
  4. Isadora García Rodríguez. As a catechist, he instructed boys and girls in the Catholic religion and morals (1940-1965). For her outstanding work, Father Rafael Briseño from the parish of Santa Fe appointed her as Delegate of the Congregation of Christian Doctrine of the Archdiocese of Mexico.
  5. María Dolores Sánchez. Better known as Lolita, she worked as a secretary at the Fábrica de Pólvora and in the parish of Santa Fe (1940-1970). Due to her privileged soprano voice, she was frequently invited to sing at religious ceremonies, especially at the solemn mass of the patronal feast. Together with his sister Gudelia they made a trip to Rome, being in the Basilica of San Pedro, they requested permission to sing, which was granted. His performance was highly applauded and congratulated.
  6. Carlota Morfin. Teacher at Secondary School No. 77. With an energetic character, she trained several generations of young people with extraordinary results.
  7. Adriana Jiménez Díaz. Preschool teacher at the “Kindergarten Basque of Quiroga”.
  8. Dolores Urquiza. Merchant (1950-1980). Together with her husband José Morales, they owned one of the most well-stocked grocery stores, perhaps the only, in Santa Fe. As a widow, the store maintained its reputation as the best. Lolita as she was known, with a cheerful character and simple treatment, helped her clients a lot with good prices. The housewives bought their products in the week and paid in the fortnight, without mediating any document that endorsed the amount of what they bought, they trusted the word. Lolita formed a group called "las chiquitas", made up of most of her clients: the goal was to celebrate each one's birthdays, all of them cooperated for food and mariachis. From that group, others were derived with an interest in learning to knit or simply socialize.
  9. Ramona Nava de Díaz. Her last job was co-owner of a stationery store and bookstore. She was always interested in participating in various activities in Santa Fe: as a member, treasurer and president of the Board of Directors of the Vasco de Quiroga Elementary School, a member of the Board of Directors of the parish of Asunción, in the organization of the patron saint festivities. He collaborated in the World Vision International Section Mexico program, whose organization was aimed at non-profit humanitarian aid. For this program, in Santa Fe 120 boys and girls between 7 and 12 years old met to help them in various activities, such as schoolwork, sports, knitting, embroidery, drawing and culture, they attended three days a week and on Saturdays they were offered a breakfast. They had the support of young people and parents to carry out these activities. Cultural excursions to archaeological sites were organized, children could be accompanied by their parents. Celebrations of Children's Day, Mother's Day, Christmas, among others. The meetings were held in the hall and patio of the building known as the Santa Fe Subdelegation. The project was carried out from 1977-1979. It also promoted religious tourism for the elderly.
  10. Nurses at the Gunpowder Factory Hospital, also known as the “little hospital”. They cared for the factory employees and their families, mainly. However, they gave service to the residents of the town. It is a duty to recognize the noble work of these women, for their performance in a highly dangerous establishment, either curing the sick due to occupational hazards or injured by the explosions.
  11. The women of the "Yellow House" (1960-1975). Arts and Crafts Center for the women of Santa Fe, under the direction of Social Security, where classes in dance, dressmaking, embroidery, weaving, beauty culture, toys and cooking, among others, were taught. While the mothers were in class, their young children were cared for by an educator, who played the piano. Among the teaching and service personnel were women from Santa Fe. This center played an important role in the training of women, they created their own businesses or were employed in workshops, to help the family economy.
  12. Women gathered around the town festivals. As it is known, the patronal feast is the most important religious celebration in Santa Fe. In this event, the participation of women is significant, they meet in the Board of Directors, in Councils or in neighborhood groups. They are in charge of cleaning and decorating the church; the organization of processions and visits of the Virgin of the Assumption to all neighborhoods and colonies.
  13. Home "Peace and Joy" in charge of the Missionaries of Charity. It is the first House founded in Mexico by Mother Teresa of Calcutta, in 1976. The work carried out by the sisters is commendable, they serve abandoned elderly people aged 70 and over, girls and adolescents, most of them with disabilities. In addition, they help the poor with food and clothing.
  14. Women in the Santa Fe Market (1989). Most of the businesses in the market are run by women, especially gastronomy, which has gained a lot of space in the same market and especially popularity.
  15. Teresita Favila de Hernández. Most of his life was dedicated to teaching the catechism, whose work was endorsed by the parish priest of the church of Santa Fe. Great merit was his collaboration with the Sisters of Charity, in the Hogar Paz y Alegría house, dedicated to care for girls and elderly women with disabilities.

A reflection that arises from the sessions is that each of these women had a performance around a place in Santa Fe, in this sense it is important to recognize the places that existed and gave rise to the possibility of action of each one of them. . The recognition of the spaces -places- that mark the daily life of Santa Fe also allows us to talk about collective practices of women, for example, the market and its tenants (tenants)

The idea of the mural is to establish a structured script in the Santa Fe sites, which over the years have hosted social recognition practices. It also serves to mention those that no longer exist, but that were relevant at the time for the construction of a social belonging. The places have been modified, as well as their practices, however, they allow to give an idea of permanence in space and continuity of practices (even in a context of change)

Santa Fe spaces that house valuable practices

  1. Vasco de Quiroga Elementary School
  2. Corregidora street
  3. The Church of the Assumption
  4. Courtyards of Santa Fe houses
  5. Basque of Quiroga
  6. Santa Fe Forest
  7. Santa Fe Market
  8. Hospitalito
  9. The old hall and patio of the Sub-delegation.



  • The importance of recovering the figure of the important women of Santa Fe
  • What could that mural have? The role of women, their importance, the relationship with their community, the different generations
  • General elements: Anthem of Santa Fe

Women in education

  1. They marked many generations
  2. Women who form and produce another community
  3. Advanced women
  4. The Virgin of the Assumption

It is proposed to build a script that relates:



Professor Trinidad Nava de Téllez Girón

Performance space / time:
Vasco de Quiroga Elementary School (1950-1965)

Special features:
I promote the knowledge of the History of Santa Fe.
Outside the school environment, she taught the girls crafts (sewing, weaving, embroidery) and artistic activities.

Trinidad Nava of Téllez Girón

History book

Crafts / Embroidery

Professor Bertha Angeles

Performance space / time:
Vasco de Quiroga Elementary School (1948-1955)

Special features:
Niece of General Felipe Ángeles.
He was distinguished by his personality.

Bertha Angeles

Professor Trinidad Ledesma Cordero

Performance space / time:
Vasco de Quiroga Elementary School

Special features:
Teacher and director.
He organized literary evenings and theater at his home, for example: "The fourth commandment"

Trinidad Ledesma Cordero

Theater: "The fourth commandment."

Performance space / time:
Vasco de Quiroga Elementary School 

Special features:
Old Building (1940-1970).

Vasco de Quiroga Elementary School

Women in spirituality

They dedicated their lives to spirituality and were value formers

Isidora Garcia Rodriguez

Performance space / time:
Catechist of the parish of the Assumption for sixty years.

Special features:
He taught catechism to boys and girls.
Delegate of the CDC of the parish of Santa Fe.
He requested the contribution of the scavengers for the Feast of the Assumption, they paid for the bands that played (1970s).

Delegate of the Congregation of Christian Doctrine of the Archdiocese of Mexico


Women for the community

Lolita sanchez

Performance space / time:
Secretary, Singer (1950-1975)

Special features:
She was a secretary in the Pólvora factory and in the parish. She was invited to sing at religious ceremonies and solemn masses.
He sang in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome.

He sang the Ave Maria at solemn masses.

Lolita and Isidorita at the door of the atrium.

Margaret Sanchez

Performance space / time:
Sixty and seventy.

Special features:
President of the colony
National holidays for the election of queen


Ramona Nava de Diaz

Performance space / time:
Former Subdelegation

Special features:
He gathered young people and gave them homework workshops and sought input to give the children something to eat.
May 1st of flowers, month of Mary, organization of neighbors.

Ramona Nava Diaz

I work with children.

Teresa Favila

Performance space / time:
Close to the house of Mother Teresa

Special features:
Collaborator of the Casa Hogar Paz y Alegría founded by Mother Teresa.

Collaborator in the House of the Sisters of Charity

Teresa Favila

Performance space / time:
Close to the house of Mother Teresa

Special features:
Collaborator of the Casa Hogar Paz y Alegría founded by Mother Teresa.

Collaborator in the House of the Sisters of Charity

Lolita urquiza

Performance space / time:
First minisuper of the town.

Women's collectives

Young participants in the pilgrimages of the patron saint festivities

Women organized in the streets. Hidalgo Street (Mrs. Guarneros)
Isabel Tadeo
Magnolia Street
Galeana Street

Special features:
They were organized to make the party on August 15,  they were women and socialized.

Market tenants
The Rivera
Elsita, Maria,

Performance space / time:
Santa Fe Market

Women around the Yellow House
Mrs. Odette (cooking classes)

Performance space / time:
Yellow house.

Special features:
There were classes in: knitting, cooking, dressmaking, beauty, dance, toys, embroidery, pastry, dance

Pottery Class Women

Performance space / time:

Group of women from the Factory
Amelia Valdés, Esthela Herrera Cervantes, Esperanza Esqueda.

Performance space / time:
Gunpowder Factory

Missionaries of Charity

Performance space / time:
Home "Peace and Joy"

Special features:
It is the first House founded in Mexico by Mother Teresa of Calcutta, in 1976. They serve abandoned elderly people, 70 years and older, girls and adolescents, most of them, with disabilities.

Las Mujeres de Santa Fe Project in Large Format Illustration

The Mural project must have these characteristics:

  1. Visibility of Women and their Importance in the Historical Processes of Santa Fe
  2. Highlight the significant spaces of the community of the town of Santa Fe
  3. Highlight the importance of women in community work

The mural has an area of 30 m2, 12 meters long by 2.5 meters high, and must be easy to transport given the characteristics of the area that is under permanent construction and the completion is contemplated in 2 months.

3 experienced illustrators from the Faculty of Arts and Design of the UNAM will take part in the mural, ensuring the quality of the project in its conception and execution.

  1. William of Ghent
  2. Osvaldo Mendoza (OLDER)
  3. Andrés Velasco (DRACKO)

It is also contemplated to form work teams with fellow artists from the FAD and other colleagues to support the final work.

Minimal profile of Illustrators

Guillermo Ángel de Gante Hernández

Graduated in Graphic Design from the National School of Plastic Arts of the UNAM and the Master in Visual Arts Oriented to Design and Communication in the Faculty of Arts and Design of the UNAM.

He has been an independent illustrator in books, magazines and newspapers in publishers such as DGP CONACULTA, Fondo de Cultura Económica, Santillana, Alfaguara, SM Ediciones, Porrúa, La Jornada, Letras Libres and Arqueología Mexicana among others.

He has been a university professor of the subjects of Drawing, Graphic Expression and Illustration, at the National School of Plastic Arts, now the Faculty of Arts and Design in Xochimilco and the Postgraduate Unit in CU, for 42 years. Also at the FES Acatlán, he was the creator and coordinator of the Diploma in Illustration at the INBA School of Design and was the Humanities Coordinator at the Casa Universitaria del Libro.

He has received several awards as an illustrator, teacher and promoter of illustration in Mexico.

Osvaldo Mendoza (OLDER)

Designer and visual communicator, graduated from the Faculty of Arts and Design of the UNAM since 2018, with professional orientation in the field of Illustration.

With experience in the field of large-format, editorial, scientific, and contemporary mural illustration, as well as graphic design in open environments and museum exhibitions; solving problems of visual communication to a spatial dimension.

He has received several academic, national and international recognitions within the field of editorial design and illustration. He is currently collaborating as a conceptual graphic designer at Papalote Museo del Niño.

As a designer and illustrator, he always looks for a way to convey meaning through images. Thinking of people and context, along with passion, is the core of his job.

Andrés Enrique Velasco Aguilar (DRACKO)

Graduated from the Bachelor of Design and Visual Communication (FAD / UNAM) 2014, with particular interest in both traditional and digital illustration.

Thanks to the diversity of technical languages that he masters, he collaborates in a wide range of projects such as: character creation, animation, large-format painting, scientific illustration, digital illustration and editorial illustration. Workshop and adjunct since 2013, he has collaborated with different workshops within the FAD where we can mention the Drawing with a model workshop, the workshop on experimental techniques for illustration, the large format illustration course and the Course / Diploma Botanical scientific illustration at the old Academia de San Carlos, as well as private courses in watercolor, drawing of the human figure, experimental techniques and character design.

It is worth mentioning that it has more than twenty national and international group exhibitions, as well as individual exhibitions, among which stand out the "second meeting of scientific and nature illustrators 2016" honorable mentions, "Botanical Art WorldWide: Endemic plants of Mexico 2018 "," International Botanical Art Exhibition Goyang Korea 2018 "," Colors of Mexico, Embassy of Ireland Dublin 2018 ". In the same way, it has managed and mediated different events regarding illustration and new Mexican graphics, of which "Routes: Alternatives of Illustration" stands out, which brought together more than 12 artists and designers in 3 days of conferences held in the current Faculty of Arts and Design 2016.

Andrés Velasco's graphic work shows a constant interest in naturalism, proposing, with each piece, a new technical and discursive approach, from the formal representation of natural elements, to experimentation and stylization of the image. A hybrid production that represents post-academic interest with the constant innovation of contemporary proposals in art and design.

Approximation sketch

These are the first three sketches to know which style and composition is the most appropriate to represent the characteristics requested by the community.

Sketch by Andrés Velasco (Dracko)

In a graphic synthesis, the compositional proposal for the mural that takes place in three important spaces determined by the information received is presented.

  1. School: A decisive space for the community, with great participation of women in the formation of generations of girls and boys in Santa Fe. In this panel, you can see the forest in the background and, in the background, emblematic structures for education. training and qualification. Girls and boys enter class, walk and interact freely through the space, as the main figure a teacher attends her class while the children observe her attentively.
  2. Church: inside the Asunción church, where families gather around the Virgin, an emblematic symbol for the Santa Fe community. In the foreground, we can see a catechist with her book praying.
  3. Market: inside the Market where we can see the merchants selling and offering their products, it is intended to include many more characters interacting with the products and buying. A colorful scene that aims to portray one of the popular settings in the Santa Fe community where women are the main focus.

Osvaldo Mendoza (Older)

The objective of this proposal is to create an open and panoramic scene of the natural (forest, relief), historical (church, aqueduct) and community (market, school, yellow house) contexts characteristic of Santa Fe, thus achieving a symbolic setting, where Three main themes are included: education, teaching and the trade.

In compositional terms, and with the intention of emphasizing the figure of the women of Santa Fe, it is opted for the representation in the foreground of some significant practices that women had, from the participation in workshops or the sale of tlacoyos in the market, and in the same way, the representation of children walking towards the atrium of the church, shaping the connection between school, faith and morals.

In other words, this "foreground" is designed and available so that actions, characters and symbolic objects can live. The integration of typography to compositional elements of the mural (such as the market sign) is also being considered, thus reinforcing the communicative sense.

William of Ghent

Three important moments are considered as significant spaces for the Women of Santa Fe.

  1. The promotion of VALUES through a culture of FAITH. The forest that shelters the community and the Church in the background are the framework to present different actions of women, girls and boys: the catechist, and several women, one carries a candle that attributes the symbolic value to the religious as a guide that with the social (patron saint festivities) they merge to unite the community. The bell is suggested as that element that summons, that calls and that at the same time pacifies.
  2. The second moment is dedicated to EDUCATION, the representative spaces have also been arranged (the school, the yellow house on the one hand, the women, girls and boys, fly kites, in them the classic image on the cover has been replicated On the other hand, the space is opened to present women in another important space: their relationship with the gunpowder factory that is presented in the background surrounded by the forest.

Finally, the supply and sustenance represented in the MARKET with characteristic scenes that border on the promotion of artistic expression in dance and music.

Sketch corrections process

The sketch chosen by the community to work with, was the one made by Dracko.

Older's adjustments were made to the sketch to integrate his panoramic proposal.

A composition review was made.

Applying the settings to the sketch.

Checking the panels as individual pieces, adjusting the cuts of the panels with the images so that there are no cuts in the composition.

Proposal already adjusted.

Some changes in scale were made for the figures and it may be convenient to scale a little more the children who approach the escort in the panel next to the church, this would provide more dynamism and depth. (they are 3 %) of space for the subject of the school. (Panels 1 to 3.5) in the foreground in front of the catechist, it may be appropriate to have a child interacting with her (panels 4.5 -6). The market scene spans panels 7-11.

Final sketch